As most readers know, some months back, a collaborator came to me with some interesting findings in terms of research he’d discovered concerning what’s commonly called “animal fiber” (bits of animals that can feed the microbiome). This led to more digging and the understanding that when animals are eaten fresh, raw or frozen, many contain non-degraded glycogen, particularly in organs like the liver.
This then led to even more digging, particularly in terms of the Inuit, and the realization that for decades now, they’ve been touted as confirmation that a chronically very low carbohydrate or ketogenic “lifestyle” is just hunky dory.
We soundly dispute that notion and have posted about research going back over 100 years to demonstrate that apart from the question of whether the new brand of ketogenic “lifestyle” (ironically dubbed ‘nutritional’ ketosis) is particularly healthy, the Inuit were never a ketogenic society in spite of a low carbohydrate intake. Clue: far too much protein intake. Their diet is principally a high-protein, not a high-fat diet.
Here’s the list of posts with comment counts (as of today, 12-Nov-2014).
- Disrupting Paleo: Inuit and Masai Ate Carbs and Prebiotics, Part 1 (110 Comments)
- Disrupting Paleo: Inuit and Masai Ate Carbs and Prebiotics, Part 2 (193 Comments)
- To Reiterate, Just In Case You Missed It: No Elevated Ketone Levels in the Inuit (150 Comments)
- One Thousand Nails in the Coffin of Arctic Explorer Vilhjálmur Stefansson, and His Spawn (150 Comments)
- When Confirmation Bias is the Landscape, Dialectics is Your Path to Better Truth (109 Comments)
- What Did Indigenous People Inhabiting the Coldest Places on Earth Really Eat? (69 Comments)
- Sweden Update: Resistant Starch On The Rise, LCHF Stefansson Myths On The Ropes (14 Comments)
- More Uncovering of the Inuit Myth: Stefansson and Anderson Belleview Experiment; Compromised Glucose Tolerance (72 Comments)
- Logic 101: Why The Resistant Starch And Gut Biome Revolution Means Doom For VLC/Keto (179 Comments)
- Hunters Of Wild Game Can’t Remain In Ketosis (14 Comments)
- The New Nutritional Starvation Diet (32 Comments)
- The War On Tastebuds (78 Comments)
- 7 Bigger-Than-Ever Challenges Everyone Should Know About Low-Carb Ketogenic Diets (65 Comments)
- Physiological Insulin Resistance = Low Carbohydrate Diet-Induced Insulin Resistance (25 Comments)
- The Swedes Look Beyond Vilhjalmur Stefansson’s NYT Obituary, to The Science He Ignored (9 Comments)
- Lies, Damned Lies, and The Inuit Diet (15 Comments)
- The Comment Dr. Michael Eades Doesn’t Want You To See (163 Comments)
In the past the logical standard for determining the safety of chronic ketosis was to point to the Inuit as a long-term experiment in ketosis. While that kind of logic was often accepted, it can no longer be considered acceptable given what the literature actually says of the Inuit. In reality, the Inuit are an obscure culture that is poorly understood by Westerners, and their dietary habits should never have substituted for proper due diligence. The Inuit were nothing more than a giant distraction with no real relevance to the discussions at hand. What a colossal waste of time! With that, I hope we can leave the Inuit be, and focus on more new and exciting data!
And with that, we move on. Here’s what’s coming.
Collaborator(s) and I will be writing a series of posts on the subject of hormesis—how our diets and our microbiomes respond to stress. In Part I, we’ll explore the therapeutic benefits of ketosis, intermittent ketosis, and consider some lingering questions concerning methylglyoxal accumulation—its potential therapeutic effects and potential side effects—with regard to new data that’s come out. In Part II, we’ll investigate how our microbiomes, with the help of prebiotics, can help us manage the stresses in our environment and food supply.
And yes, we’ll explore whether the orthorexic fear of glycolysis and “toxins” in our foods that The Paleo Diet™ has encouraged may be causing us more harm than good.